The Hiring Process
Setting: You are in the living room watching your TV.
Although each employer hires workers differently, most follow five common steps. Let's go over each step in more detail.
STEP 1: Defining the Need.
The hiring process often begins when a current employee leaves a job or a new job must be created. Before the position is posted, the employer reviews or defines the job’s requirements, decides the kind of person who will be most successful at it, and identifies the skills, education and experience that the new employee should have.
STEP 2: Recruitment.
Employers find qualified applicants in many ways. This is called “recruitment.” Some ways that employers recruit potential employees include:
- Advertising – Ads placed in local, community or trade newspapers, postings on community boards, signs in storefront windows, etc.
- Internet – Company web sites, employment job sites like monster.com, and special interest web sites.
- Referrals – Employers tell other people they’re looking to hire a new employee and ask them to refer people who might be interested.
- Placement services – Public and private placement services can be hired to link qualified candidates with potential employers.
- Staffing agencies – Sources for temporary and contract employment.
- Job fairs – Many employers gather in one place to showcase their companies and gather information from job applicants.
STEP 3: Screening.
Employers review job applications and resumés to identify applicants that meet the job’s critical requirements. Employers do this by:
- Scanning job applications and resumés for key words.
- Conducting telephone interviews.
- Contacting references or past employers, etc.
- Conducting background checks to verify information provided by an applicant.
- Checking social networking sites.
STEP 4: In-Person Interviews.
An employer usually interviews several good candidates before deciding which applicant is best qualified. You will learn more about the interview process in Course 4: Interviewing for a Job.
STEP 5: Selection.
Employers decide which candidate to hire based on information they gather from applicants during one-on-one interviews, personal references from past employers, the results of a background check, etc. This person is then offered the job either in person, on the telephone or through email or regular mail.